《思想库报告》第370期

ttr 370

编辑手记

拉丁美洲、非洲等边缘地区,由于其远没有饱和的市场,以及丰富的自然资源,在新兴市场国家经济崛起的过程中,起到越来越重要的作用。据此造成的影响,不仅仅是经济上的,也是国际关系上的。中国和拉丁美洲的关系简单而又复杂,单单从经济的角度讲,是清晰明了的,但是从对整个国际影响来看,则很微妙。具体到拉美具体国家,其内部也是有争议的。尽管如此,不可否认的一点是,中国在拉美各项政策中的分量,是越来越强了。

中国增长失衡的很大一个原因是利率管制,这导致消费不足而投资过度。虽然这对长期增长有益,但其造成的失衡,很有可能会让经济先行崩溃。其中,投资房地产的繁荣推动经济增长的同时,也给经济链带去了脆弱。因此,改革这一失衡是有相当阻力和代价的。

中国崛起本身对东南亚国家的影响是双面性的,即是机遇也是挑战。它们最大的问题,是这些国家在全球生产链上,与中国相对位置的关系。它们应对的方式,也只能是迎头竞争。

IMF有没有义务给欧元区注资?答案似乎是否定的。欧元区在制度上是不完善的,欧元区的领导人没有资格指责投资者导致这样的结果。IMF应当为出现暂时的外部融资问题的国家提供支持;一个拒不解决自身制度冲突的富裕债权区域,是不值得得到帮助的。

美国政府债务问题,一直有两个声音,一个是要控制失控的政府支出,一个是失业才是最重要的事。最明智的做法是,保证经济增长的同时,控制长时期的财政赤字即可。如果经济持续疲软,那么就必须进行更大幅度的征税,以缓解赤字和长期经济增长的冲突。

“毒胶囊”事件表明,制售假药具有跨地域特征。要打击这类具有流动性和隐秘性的违法行为,必须由各地药监部门共同调查和联合执法,但调整省以下垂直管理恰恰使这种跨地区合作成为不可能。要改变这一局面,需要完善我国药品监管的顶层设计。

欢迎各位订阅者登录思想库博客think.sifl.org发表评论,与更多人分享观点。

 

目录

 

中国和拉美经济

中国的拉丁美洲利益

宏观经济

中国经济中的不平衡性

在中央王国的影子里

欧元区的放肆和IMF

美国是否会发生财政危机?

医疗卫生

“毒胶囊”的政治经济学解读

 

《思想库报告》是上海金融与法律研究院出品的一份公益性电子刊物,以国际智库之思想,关照中国改革之现实。长期聚焦于中国公共政策的各个领域,采用跨学科研究的视角,为公共和私人部门的决策者提供了大量智识,成为与中国共同成长的思想力量。更多内容请登录思想库独立博客think.sifl.org

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